Every year, Collins Dictionary chooses “The Collins Word of the Year” from a short list of ten words This year’s word is “single-use.” It means something that we use only once. For example, we usually only use plastic shopping bags once. Then they become garbage. In order to be more eco-friendly, we should try not to make garbage. Instead, we should carry things such as cloth shopping bags that we can use again and again. I learned a new word from the Collins list: “plogging.” Joggers help the environment by picking up garbage when they go running. (by Prof. Douglas Jarrell)
bundled up 厚着する;
down vest ダウンベスト;
Winter has finally arrived. After a long autumn with many warm days, the weather has suddenly turned cold. In fact, it is colder than usual. On Sunday, most parts of Japan had temperatures that didn’t go over 9 degrees, and the low temperature in Nagoya was 3 degrees. I had to travel 45 minutes by motor scooter, and I bundled up. I wore six layers of clothes including a down vest and a winter coat. Even with so many clothes, I started to feel cold inside by the end of the trip. Luckily I wasn’t riding my motor scooter in Sapporo. It was minus 4, and there was snow on the ground! (by Douglas Jarrell)
There is a video on YouTube called “18 Weird Things That Only Exist in Japan.” These things seem very strange to Americans. I’ll tell you about three of them. If you are interested, you can go to YouTube and see the rest. (1) You can turn around the seats on trains when you want to sit in a group of four. I’ve never seen seats like that on trains in any other country. (2) Water comes out of the top of the toilet. You can wash your hands with it, and it’s a good way to save water. (3) One fast-food chain has special napkins for women who want to cover their faces when they eat hamburgers. (by Prof. Douglas Jarrell)
solar system 太陽系;
Every year BBC makes a list of 100 special women. Some of them are leaders, some are people with great ideas, some have started groups to help others, and some are everyday heroes. This year, there are two Japanese women on the list. Takamizawa Setsuko is 90 years old, but she has started learning English so that she can help tourists who will come to the Tokyo Olympics. That’s amazing at her age! Okoda Yuki is also on the list. She is only 23 years old, but she has already discovered a new star. Her discovery may help other physicists understand how our solar system began.